PHARMACOLOGY MCQ BOOKS PDF

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Pharmacology Mcq Books Pdf

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Very useful book for students preparing for GATE & USMLE. the author for his pains-taking efforts in mobilizing a very large number of good MCQs from a vast. Surgery) Rana Hospital, Mandvi This book will be of good use for students .. Weakly acidic drugs (c) Seven (d) Ten 12 MCQs IN PHARMACOLOGY Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below.

The MCQ system tries to eliminate the subjective element in an examination and is now well established as a fair mode of assessment. The availability of a pharmacy practice text based on the MCQ system now provides pharmacy students with the opportunity of assessing themselves xvi Preface to the first edition in the discipline and finding out whether they have mastered it.

Dr Azzopardi and her collaborators are to be congratulated in having managed to produce this text. It should be a welcome addition to the standard texts students use during the years spent in training to become pharmacists. In both areas, access to assessment tasks that allow for self-assessment of knowledge across a broad range of domains is important.

MCQs in Pharmacy Practice 2nd edn contains a broad range of multiple-choice questions that provide feedback on what is known and where knowledge is lacking. This information is useful to many potential users โ€” the pharmacy undergraduate, the preregistrant, the university professor and the practising pharmacist. At all levels, understanding the limitations in our knowledge and abilities is a critical step in the learning process.

Learning that is based on individual knowledge gaps is more likely to be effective and the learner is more motivated. MCQs in Pharmacy Practice 2nd edn is a simple-touse, useful, unintimidating text that enables users to determine the extent of their knowledge, to identify knowledge gaps and to test their ability to analyse information and to make decisions.

This text is primarily aimed at preparing students to sit for multiple choice question MCQ examinations in pharmacy and would therefore be a valuable study tool for students preparing for registration and would also assist in preparation xviii Introduction for other types of examination, such as oral examinations.

It provides students and pharmacists with an excellent resource to test their knowledge and to highlight areas where they require further work.

In the undergraduate setting there are many opportunities throughout the curriculum for students and professors to utilise MCQs to assess knowledge in particular areas. MCQs in Pharmacy Practice 2nd edn would therefore make a useful prescribed text to guide self-directed study for undergraduate pharmacy students.

Continual, regular assessment of students provides a form of feedback to students on the level of knowledge gained and areas where additional work is needed. This text would be of equal value if sections of the text were given to students as regular formative assessment or if students used the text as a study guide. The primary aim of professional development in pharmacy is to develop and maintain competencies, which improve standards of care and health outcomes for patients.

Knowledge is a critical element in this process and community pharmacists invest significant time and money undertaking CPD. One of the major barriers to effective CPD is motivation to undertake further learning reflected in reasons given for lack of engagement with CPD, such as lack of time, cost and lack of engagement with educational formats.

A contributing factor to this lack of engagement is the inability to match individual learning needs with educational offerings. These questions provide an excellent tool to enable practising pharmacists to assess their own knowledge in a variety of relevant areas.

Once gaps in knowledge are identified, it is a simpler process to undertake selfdirected learning that addresses deficiencies and CPD is therefore more stimulating and meaningful and likely to lead to a change in practice.

Multiple choice questions are time consuming and difficult to develop in a manner that ensures appropriate assessment of knowledge and critical thinking skills.

The questions in MCQs in Pharmacy Practice 2nd edn are of an excellent standard and Introduction xix the format, variety and structure make it an essential resource for the pharmacy profession. I would like to thank pharmacists Alison Anastasi and Louise Azzopardi for their participation in reviewing the material. Thanks also go to staff and students at the Department of Pharmacy especially Amanda Calleja and staff at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery.

In she took up a position at the Department of Pharmacy, University of Malta as a teaching and research assistant. Professor Azzopardi completed an MPhil on the development of formulary systems for community pharmacy in , and in she gained a PhD. Her thesis led to the publication of the book Validation Instruments for Community Pharmacy: pharmaceutical care for the third millennium published in by Pharmaceutical Products Press, USA.

She worked together with Professor Anthony Serracino Inglott who was a pioneer in the introduction of clinical pharmacy in the late sixties. Professor Azzopardi is currently an associate professor in pharmacy practice at the Department of Pharmacy, University of Malta and is responsible for coordinating several aspects of teaching of pharmacy practice, including clinical pharmacy for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as supervising a number of pharmacy projects and dissertations in the field.

She is an examiner at the University of Malta for students following the course of pharmacy and is an assessor in determining suitability to practice.

Pharmacology MCQ.pdf(a)

She was a member of the Pharmacy Board, the licensing authority for pharmacy in Malta for a number of years and Registrar of the Malta College of Pharmacy Practice, which is responsible for continuing education. She has practised clinical pharmacy in the hospital setting and she practises in community pharmacy.

She has been invited to give lectures and short courses in this area in several universities. She has been a member of scientific committees for European conferences and chaired a number of oral communication sessions reporting research work in the field of pharmacy practice.

She has received funding for her research projects from national institutions and in completed a project funded by the European Union on automated dispensing of pharmaceuticals and pharmacist interventions, of which she was project coordinator for the University of Malta. In Professor Azzopardi was appointed head of the department of pharmacy at the University of Malta. It covers common general pharmacy practice interventions and operations and other topics commonly featured in examinations, such as simple pharmaceutical calculations, doses, strengths, nomenclature, abbreviations, dosage forms, specialities, trade and generic names, biochemical tests, classification, side-effects, and common diseases.

Some recent advances in pharmacy practice are also included. It is recommended that students use this book in their final preparatory stage before sitting for qualifying, licensing or registration examinations so that they are aware of the nature of the questions likely to be posed and how best to approach the examination.

This series of MCQ tests is aimed at preparing candidates for their registration examination, whether this is carried out by the state board, the pharmaceutical society or the university.

This book consists of examination-type MCQs of which are new questions and over 30 new drug entities are included. The questions are practice oriented and are intended to assess knowledge, evaluative and analytical skills, and ability to apply that knowledge in clinical practice.

The book consists of two parts.

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In the second part, the closed-book section, MCQs are directed towards basic skills and knowledge with which the student is expected to be fully familiar.

Each test consists of questions which should be completed in two hours. In each test, different formats of MCQs are adopted. Each format is introduced with directions for answering the MCQs.

In each test, case-based and free-standing questions are included. Answers with brief explanations are given at the end of each test. For each test, write the number of the question and your answer on a separate sheet of paper, then after going through all the questions in the test, compare your answers with those in the book.

Attempt one open-book test and one closed-book test so as to mimic examination conditions. Refer to Appendix D for feedback on those questions you did not answer correctly. Information on the proprietary names listed in the book is given in Appendix A. Appendix B includes definitions of medical terms included in the book, while Appendix C lists abbreviations and acronyms.

The recommended textbooks for the open-book section are: Azzopardi LM Edwards C, Stillman P Minor Illness or Major Disease? The Clinical Pharmacist in the Community, 4th edn. London: Pharmaceutical Press. Joint Formulary Committee Nathan A Non-prescription Medicines, 3rd edn. How to use this book xxix This book is mainly meant for those sitting the final test before being registered as pharmacists.

The syllabus and specific requirements regarding eligibility to sit for the examination have been carefully laid down by the relevant authorities but the aim is always the same: namely, an attempt to set the required standards of professional skills and ability. The format of the examination itself has been selected to test these standards thoroughly.

These preregistration examinations are a necessary obstacle to overcome in becoming a professional pharmacist, in whose hands patients are safe and who is a credit to the profession.

The MCQs method of assessing students is here to stay. MCQs are no longer regarded as an examination that constitutes a final handshake for those who have completed four years at university, passed all the tests, practised in the pharmacy service, gained experience and have received a good report from their mentor pharmacist.

Indeed, a poor performance in this assessment may result in overall failure. MCQs in pharmacy practice do not simply examine facts. Some students expect MCQs to test only factual knowledge. Starting with dress, there is a tendency to match your psychological outlook and actions to the way you are dressed. Some students approach MCQ tests casually, as if this type of examination were not as serious an undertaking as any other.

Dress smartly but comfortably and conservatively. Avoid clothes that make you feel too relaxed, such as casual jackets or leisure wear. Arrive a little early for the examination and plan how much time to allocate for each question, allowing extra time for more difficult questions. Open-book examinations The rarity of absolutes in pharmacy practice means that a variety of adjectives and adverbs are commonly used in its description, increasing the difficulty of answering MCQs.

You should not assume they are clues โ€” they may or may not be. The following are suggestions about how to tackle the questions in Test 1 of this book. These pointers may be applied to the other tests in this publication. Nifedipine However, all the processes in the body can be saturable and thus nonlinear. It arises because of differences in age, sex, genetics, concomitant diseases and drugs and no single factor may alone be responsible.

Increase in abuse potential 2. Increase in analgesic effect 3. Increase in respiratory depression 4. Increase in nausea, vomiting 5. Page However, in general, the lesser the frequency, the better is the compliance, irrespective of the cost.

Euphorea b. Miosis c. Analgesic effect d. Respiratory depressant effect e. Sedative effect Key: Induction of general anaesthesia with Thiopentone sodium should not be undertaken in a patient suffering from: Congestive cardiac failure b.

Diabetes mellitus c. Hypertension d. Bronchial asthma e.

Acute intermittent porphyria Key: Which of the following Antipyretic is preferred for relief of fever in a child of four years age? Naproxen b. Aspirin c. Diclofenac d.

Paracetamol e. Piroxicam Key: Gastrointestinal bleeding b. Nephropathy c. Cardiovascular events d. Hepatotoxicity e.

Reduced platelet count Key: Aspirin is not used in young children for antipyretic effect, because it may be associated with: Salicylism b. Hypoprothrombinemia c. Renal impairment d. Metabolic acidosis e. Reyes syndrome Key: A disease modifying drug used in rheumatoid arthritis that also chelates copper is: Penicillamine b.

Aurothiomalate c. Methotrexate d. Sulfasalazine e. Etanercept Key: Colchicine is helpful in management of acute gout by: Increasing urinary excretion of uric acid b.

Reduced production of uric acid c. Exerting strong analgesic effect d. Inhibiting migration of leukocytes into the inflamed joints e. Inhibiting cyclooxygenase enzyme in the inflamed joints.

Which one of the following drugs exhibits its anti-hypertensive effect primarily by reduction of peripheral resistance? Diltiazem b.

Clonidine c. Verapamil d. Amlodipine e. Atenolol Key: A cardioselective beta receptor blocker that also possesses intrinsic sympathomimetic activity partial agonist activity and membrane stabilizing action local anaesthetic effect is: Esmolol b. Acebutolol c. Carvedilol d. Sotalol e. Timolol Key: A calcium channel blocker preferably used in subarachnoid haemorrhage is: Verapamil b.

Nifedipine c. Diltiazem d.

Nimodipine Key: Which of the following drugs is preferred for treatment of digoxin- induced cardiac arrythmias? Procainamide b. Phenytoin c. D-Sotalol d. Amiodarone e. Flecainide Key: Glyceryl trinitrate relieves stable atherosclerotic angina by: Producing cGMP-dependent vasodilatation b. Reducing preload of the heart c.

Reducing afterload on the heart d. Causing redistribution of blood in coronaries e. All of the above Key: A diuretic that can lead to alkalinization of urine is: Acetazolamide b. Bendrofluazide c.

MCQs in Pharmacy Practice, 2nd Edition

Frusemide d. Amiloride e. Ammonium chloride Key: A diuretic that produces its action mainly by acting on the proximal part of distal convoluted tubules is: Ethacrynic acid b. Triamterene c. Hydroxychlorothiazide d. Spironolactone e. Mannitol Key: Bendrofluazide b. Frusemide c. Amiloride d. Acetazolamide e.

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Spironolactone Key: Is generally administered by intramuscular injection b. Has a quick onset of action c. Inactivates factor XIIa d. Is antagonized by Vitamin K-1 e.

Activated partial thromboplastin time is used to regulate its dosage Key: A drug that inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation is: Abciximab b. Eptifibatide d. Clopidorel e. Tirofiban Key: A drug suitable for treatment of familial hypretriglyceridemia: Gemfibrozil b.

Simvastatin c. Colestipol d. Cholestyramine e. Atorvastatin Key: While traveling by car to a hill-station, a child suffered from nausea and vomiting. In order to prevent these symptoms to occur during return journey you would prescribe: Atropine b.

Promethazine c.

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Ondensatron d. Diphenoxylate e. Chlorpromazine Key: Acid rebound phenomenon is likely to occur with the use of: Magnesium trisilicate b. Aluminum hydroxide c. Sodium bicarbonate d. Aluminum phosphate e. Sucralfate Key: A drug that causes purgation by local irritation of small intestine is: Senna b.

Bisacodyl c. Sorbitol d. Castor oil e. Aloes Key: Loperamide and Diphenoxylate: Are very effective in controlling the diarrhoea of severe ulcerative colitis. Are preferred for control of diarrhoeas caused by infections c. Are primarily used in treatment of diarrhoeas in infants d. Should be preferred over ORS therapy in childhood diarrhoeas e. May produce substantial improvement in diarrhoea of irritable bowel syndrome Key: The following drug will produce bronchodilatation in an asthmatic patient: Ipratropium b.

Montelukast c. Beclomethasone d. Nedochromil e. Cromolyn Sodium Key: Theophylline is helpful in bronchial asthma by: Inhibiting phosphodiesterase b. Blocking Adenosine receptors c. Reversing fatigue of diaphragm d.

Inhibiting antigen-induced release of histamine e. A patient presenting with acute episode of bronchial asthma should be preferably treated with: Oral administration of LTD-4 receptor blockers b.Which of the following antibiotics should not be administered to a patient whose renal function is severely compromised?

In the BNF, look under cautions for levodopa โ€” the second one listed is peptic ulceration, so put A next to Q There are so many thousands of diseases, where should one start?

Remember that answer papers are sometimes corrected by clerks, who are given strict rules for recording correct answers, which they are obliged to follow. Ofloxacin d. Less than the glomerular filtration rate D. Which of the following cholinomimetics is commonly used in the treatment of glaucoma? Which of the following cholinomimetics is most widely used for paralytic ileus and atony of the urinary bladder?

An antihypertensive with a plasma half life of 3 hours D.

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